Summary of the History of Infantry Regiment von Winterfeldt (2nd Upper Silesian) Nr. 23 from the Founding to the war’s outbreak.

1813

  • February 1 -- Formation of the Officers battalion of the Regiment from the 2nd Silesian Inf. Regt., the late Grenadier Regiment King Frederick III. 2 (Schles.) Nr. 11, and certainly the
    • I. (Grenadier) Reserve Batl. in Brieg,
    • II. (Musketeer) Reserve Batl. in Neisse,
    • III. (Musketeer) Reserve Batl. in Neisse, then from Feb. 15th in Neustadt, Upper Silesia.

The 1813 Campaign

  • March -- I and II Battalions. take part in the siege of Glogau.
  • May 2 -- Battle of Großgörschen.
  • May 20-21 -- Battle of Bautzen.
  • July 8 -- Establishment of the 11th Res. Inf. Regt. from their Stammbatallion in Schweidnitz :
    • III (Musk) Batl. becomes I./ Res. Inf. Regt. 11,
    • I. (Gren.) Res. Batl. becomes II./Res. Inf. Regt. 11,
    • II. (Musk.) Res. Batl. becomes III./Res. Inf. Regt. 11.
  • The first regt’l commander was Oberstlt. v. Stutterheim
  • July 19 -- 11. Res. Regt. formed together with the 10th Landw. Regt. into the 12th Brigade.
    • 12th Brigade formed into Silesian Army called the II. Armeekorps.
  • August 26-27 -- Battle of Dresden
  • August 30 -- Battle of Kulm
  • Sept. 5 -- Skirmish at Hellendorf
  • Sept. 6 -- Skirmish at Berggießhübel
  • Sept. 8 -- Skirmish at Heidenau
  • Sept. 15 -- Skirmish at Hellendorf
  • October 18-19 -- Battle of Leipzig
  • Nov. and Dec -- Pursuit-Siege at Erfurt

The 1814 Campaign

  • February 14 -- Skirmish at Bauchamp
  • February 28 -- Skirmish at Sué a Trèsmes
  • March 2 -- Exploratory Skirmish at May
  • March3 -- Skirmish at Neuilly St. Front.
  • March9-10 -- Battle of Laon
  • Mid March -- Siege of Bitry
  • End -- March on Paris.
  • March28 -- Skirmish by Claye and Montsaigle
  • March30 -- Battle of Paris
  • June 6 -- I. and II. Battl. receive Colors
  • June-October -- Delay of the Regiment in the Netherlands

The 1815 Campaign

  • Spring -- The 11th Reserve Regt. joins the 9th Brigade.
  • March 20 -- Removal of the Regiment from Malmedy to Luxembourg.
  • March 25 -- The 11th Res. Inf. Regt. is renamed the “23rd Infantry Regiment, (2nd Rheinisches)”
    • The III. Battl. receives the title of “Fusilier Battalion”
  • May 7 -- Departure of the Regiment from their quarters in Luxembourg, reporting to the II A.K.. June 16 Battle of Ligny
    • The 3rd Company has a relative success, capturing the top of a French color, with its gold ribbons and tassels to carry over it. The flag itself was torn in hand to hand fighting.
  • May 8 -- Skirmish by Wavre
  • May 26 -- Skirmish by Namur
  • end of May -- Siege of the Ardennes fortress
  • July 7-10 -- Siege of Philippeville
  • Sept. 14-18 -- Siege of Longwy
  • Sept. 28 -- The III (Fusilier) Battalion receives a Flag.
  • Dec. 1 -- Marching in of the 23rd Regt. in the handing over of the Fortress of Saarlouis to Prussian authority.
  • The state of war ends here for the Regiment.

Established as a Garrison:

  • I Battalion in Luxembourg
  • II Battalion in Trier
  • III (Fusilier) Battalion in Saarlouis.

1816-1818

Delay of the Regiment on the Western border and with the Occupation army in France.

1818

  • Nov. 16 -- The return of the Regiment to the Homeland. It (reports) to the newly established 12th Infantry Division, with Division Staff in Neisse.

1819

  • Jan. 5 -- Arrival of the Regimental Staff and the I and II battalions in Neisse.
  • 10 Arrival of the Fusilier Battalion in Kosel.

Peacetime from 1819 to 1865

1819

The II Battalion becomes positioned in Frankenstein.

1823

Return of the II Battalion to Neisse.

1827

Movement of the Fusilier Battalion from Kosel to Brieg

1828

Movement of the Fusilier Battalion from Brieg to Schweidnitz

1831

March Assembly of the IV army corps at Breslau:

  • I and II battalion south of Breslau, Fusil. Bat. in Breslau
  • July 15 I and II battalion return to Neisse. Fusil. Bat. remains in in Ottmachau and Patchkau.
1844

Participation of the I and II Battalion in suppressing unrest in Langenbielau.

1845

The Fusilier Battalion (reinforces) the garrison of Glatz.

1846

Participation in the suppression of unrest in Free City of Krakau.

1848

The II Battalion reports to the suppression of unrest in Breslau

1850

Nov. -- Through ordered mobilization against Austria some positions are taken up for a long time:

  • Regiments Staff and I batt. in Schweidnitz and Bögendorf,
  • II Batt. in Reichenbach and Silberberg,
  • Fusilier Batt. in Breslau.
1851

The Regimental Staff, I batt. and Fusil. Batt. return to Neisse,

II Batt. garrisons Glatz.

1852

April Infantry Regiment 23 and Landw. Regt. 23 form the 24th Brigade.

1860

Transfer of the II Batt. from Glatz to Brieg.

July 4. -- Through the enactment of an All Highest Cabinet Order, the 23 Regt. received the designation: “2 (Oberschlesisches) Inf. Regt. Nr. 23”

1863

Activity of the Regiment on the Russian-Polish border for the purpose of defense against the eventual spread of the Polish insurgent movement.

The Campaign of 1866
  • April -- Marching out of the Regiment and activity in the Waldenburger region.
  • June -- Retreat of the Regiment on the Neisse.
  • June 24 -- Brilliant movement of the VI Corps against the border- March in the county of Glatz- march to the line of the Elb.
  • July 3 -- Battle of Königsgrätz
  • July 5 -- Locking up of Johsephstadt
  • Aug. -- Lodging in the Region of Freiwaldau
  • Sept. 6 -- Return of the II. Batt. to Brieg
  • Sept. 8 -- Return of the Regimental Staff, the I and Fusil. Batt. to Neisse.
Peacetime from 1866 to 1870
1866

The regiment gives up three companies to the exhibit of Inf. Regiment 84, the late infantry Regt. von Manstein (Flensburg and Schlesweg) that were nominated in Neisse.

  • Dec. 12 -- The flags had the memorial band of the war memorial for the veterans of 1866 bestowed upon them.
1867
  • March 3 -- Ceremonial confirmation of these flag ribbons/bands in Neisse and Brieg.
    • Union of the three battalions of the Regiment in Neisse as the standing garrison.

The War against France 1870/1871

  • July 27 -- Departure of the Regiment and lodging in Breslau.
  • August -- Transport to Landau-Attack against Bitsch- Advance from the Saar to the Mosel- Advance against the Marne- Undertakings against the French XIII Corps Vinoy.
  • Sept. -- Advance from Novion and Porcien- Advance to Reims and Paris.
  • Sept. 30 -- Skirmish at Chevilly
    • The color bearer for the I. Batt., Sergt. Schubert fell during the advance due to a head shot.
  • Nov. -- Forward post fighting- light attacks.

1871

  • Dec.-Jan. -- At the proclimation of the Empire in Versailles reported the Regimental Adj. and the flag of the Fusilier Batt. (Color bearer Sergt. Püschel) as part of the delegation of the regiment.
  • Jan-Feb. -- Activity of the Regiment in the south of Paris.
  • March from Auxterre- March to the departments Seine and Marne.
  • May -- Retreat to Provance
  • July 17 -- Entry into Neisse of the returning Regiment from France.

Peacetime from 1871-1914

1881

The 11th Company was given up to the exhibition of Infantry Regt. 132.

1887

To the education of the IV batt. of the 1st Posen Inf. Regt. Nr. 18, the regiment gives up the 6th company.

1889
  • Jan. 4 -- A Loud All-highest Cabinets-Order has the Fusilier Battalion of the Regiment, whose men wear black leather equipment, receive the designation III battalion.
  • Jan. 27 -- On the ground of an All-highest Cabinets-order recieves the 2 Upper Silesian Infantry Regt. Nr. 23 the title “Inf. Regt. von Winterfeldt (2nd Oberschlesisches ) Nr. 23” This order concludes with the words: This considerable honor, in the War of Liberation, over all at (the battles of) Leipzig and Ligny this regiment proved itself with the highest trust, which I demonstrate to you through this distinction, which I know is justified in presenting.”
1892

The foundation day of the Regiment was fixed by law as July 1, 1813.

1893

Establisment of a IV Battalion of two companies (13 and 14) in Neisse.

1894

Oct. 18 -- The IV Battalion receives a Flag.

1895

Aug. 18 -- The flags of the I through the III Battalion get flag ribbons/bands with commemorative iron, which bear the inscriptions “Chevilly” and “Paris”.

1897
  • March 22 -- The flag of the III. Batl. that went to the proclimation of the Empire in Versailles, gets a silver ring with the inscription “Versailles”
  • April 1 -- From the both companies of the IV battalion originates together with the like companies of the Inf. Regt. 63 the II Battalion of the 4th Silesian Inf. Regt. Nr. 157, first in Neisse, later in Brieg.
    • The Flag of the IV Battalion stays with the Regiment and is brought out on Parade next to the Flag of the I battalion.
1900

Jan. 1. -- The Flags receive black and silver commemorative ribbons/bands with the year dates “1800-1900”

  • 44 members of the Regiment form a part of the China- Expedition.
1905
  • 46 Members of the Regiment form a part of the suppression of the Herrero Rebellion in German South-West Africa.
1906

The Flags of the Regiment, whose cloth has been killed by time, receive new flag cloth.

On the 30th of August finds in Berlin the ceremonial dedication of the Brand-new flags with new fabric instead of flags understood. (not “new” flags, just new cloth- ed.)

1910 and 1911 -- The 2nd Comp. (Hauptmann Kiesel) shoots in both years the Kaiserabzeichen for the best shooting in the VI Army Corps.

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